Gross Motor Skills

When doing these activities, please do with adult supervision at all times.  To download a copy of this information, please download this document

What are Gross Motor Skills?

Gross motor skills (i.e., physical skills) are those that require our whole-body movement and involve the large core stabilising muscles of our body which help us to perform everyday gross motor movements, such as walking, running, jumping, and sitting upright at a table.

Below you will find some simple activities that you can do to help develop and improve the following gross motor skill areas:

Posture The muscles around the hips need to work together with strength and symmetry to provide the stability needed for good posture and for a stable base of support to sit, stand and walk.

Activities to help:

Sitting on a therapy ball/wobble cushion at a table to do a task or activityJumping on trampoline
Tug of WarSwimming
Animal Walks (e.g., crab football)Ride a bike or scooter
Use of playground equipmentSit-ups and push-ups
Doing activities lying on your stomach, propped up on your forearms (e.g., reading, drawing, watching TV)Running


Coordination Promoting use of both sides of the body at the same time.

Activities to help:

Playing musical instruments – cymbals, drum, bells in each handPushing trolley, wheelbarrow


Throwing and catching a ballObstacle course – in / out tires, hoops, stepping-stones, along line or balance beam
Star jumpsSkipping/Jump rope
Bat ball games, standing sideways to ballClimbing – playground equipment


Balance The ability to maintain a controlled body position during both static (still) and dynamic (moving) tasks and activities, such as sitting at a table, walking on a balance beam, or stepping up into a kerb.

Activities to help:

FootballRiding a scooter or bike
HopscotchWalking on a line/marching/giant steps/walking heel to toe
Musical chairs/statuesWalking on stilts
HoppingPogo sticks/skateboard/roller blading and/or skating

Useful websites:

Useful Apps: