Life skills and occupations

Aims:

  • Independence with everyday life skill tasks and occupations in line with peers
  • Independence with self-care activities required in, and to access learning provision i.e. dressing, feeding or toileting, travelling and community skills.
  • Able to follow and manage the day/weekly routine
  • Use of every day tools and materials within functional activities independently i.e. knife and fork, can opener, vegetable peeler
  • Demonstrates safety awareness during functional tasks
  • Ability to notice/respond to environmental cues/ information
  • Able to problem solve during activities
  • Able to sequence everyday tasks in a logical order
  • Organise personal belongings required for learning activities
  • Organise tools and materials required for workspace

 

Occupational Therapy – Focus on Life skills

Life skills are skills we use in everyday activities that form part of our routine. There are daily opportunities for children and young people to learn and develop life skills from all the activities they partake in. Learning life skills is an important part of development. There are different life skills children and young people participate in depending on their life stage. Life skills include self-care skills (such as dressing or grooming), domestic skills (such as meal preparation and cleaning), community skills (such as travelling and shopping) and safety awareness. Practising and learning life skills prepares children and young adults for adulthood and improves their independence and self-confidence.

Top tips for teaching a child/ young person a new life skill using washing up as an example:

Washing up using backward chaining

Backward chaining first involves breaking the task down into the same sequence of steps (activity analysis) to be practiced each time.

  • Adult complete the whole washing up task with child watching (modelling/demonstration)
  • Next, child completes the last step of the task i.e. putting items away, for which you give prompts with as required
  • Next, child completes the last 2 tasks such as drying the dishes and putting Items away.
  • Procedure is repeated until child is completing the whole task

Use the prompt hierarchy to gradually fade away the support provided to a child/young person with each step. Once they begin to understand the activity, begin waiting longer

between prompts. This helps to develop independence and keep the prompting from becoming a permanent part of the activity.

When teaching, give the child as much support as they need to learn the task successfully. Error-free learning helps them to do the task correctly from the beginning.

 

Resources:

ASDAN is an education charity who offer free resources to educators, parents and guardians with home learning and educating around essential life skills. You will need provide your details in order to download all of our free home learning and educating resources: https://www.asdan.org.uk/resources/free-resources

Kent County Council Trading Standards have developed free life skill resources to support young people with special educational needs to learn the skills to live safely and independently and reduce the risk of financial harm: https://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure-and-community/consumer-protection/trading-standards-free-life-skills-resources#:~:text=Trading%20Standards%20free%20life%20skills%20resources%20This%20educational,living%20to%20reduce%20the%20risk%20of%20financial%20harm.

Barclays offer free resources for people to develop the skills, knowledge and confidence they need for work with tools, tips and learning resources: https://barclayslifeskills.com/?campaign=Google_RS-2018_Barclays_Lifeskills_Brand_Exact&chnnl=PSB&gclid=CjwKCAjwgOGCBhAlEiwA7FUXkh6g9PtmqOJJMs0V4XAVQnn6BMb0ucwDnfLlCDcZQkpYKVWSJX2dHxoCx3IQAvD_BwE&gclsrc=aw.ds

Accessible Chef is a collection of free visual recipes and other resources to help teach cooking skills to individuals with disabilities: https://accessiblechef.com/

A free resource on how to implement backward chaining: https://www.nhsggc.org.uk/kids/resources/ot-activityinformation-sheets/backward-chaining-information-sheet/